Planning Your Pond: Basic Pond Layout

1. Underlayment

  • A non-woven, needle punched underlayment forms a soft padding for the liner.
  • Unlike sand, it completely covers the vertical areas of the pond shelves.
  • Unlike carpet padding, it allows gases to escape out the sides while looking more professional.

2. Liner

  • Strong 45-mil EPDM liner is the best choice for most pond installations: easy, inexpensive, won't crack.
  • When installed with our underlayment, offers a 20-year warranty.

3. Skimmer

  • Eliminates routine maintenance by removing debris before it sinks to the bottom of the pond, allowing construction in any location, even directly beneath trees.
  • Hides the pump and plumbing from view alongside your pond instead of in the pond.
  • Won't drain the pond down if a leak develops in the plumbing or waterfalls.

4. Biofalls Filter

  • Creates a perfect base for building beautiful, leak-free waterfalls.
  • A non-clogging swirl chamber allows even distribution of water, aiding filtration and increasing waterfall width.
  • A built-in rock ledge allows this unit to be completely camouflaged out of sight.

5. Rocks and Gravel

  • Adding rocks and gravel reduces pond maintenance.
  • Gravel, unlike a smooth pond liner, provides surface area for bacteria to colonize.
  • Covering the pond liner with gravel protects the liner from harmful UV rays and damage from animals and other sharp objects.

6. Plant Pockets

  • Best way to get rid of unsightly planting containers.
  • Each pocket is about 6 inches deep.
  • They promote health in plant development by allowing the roots to spread throughout surrounding gravel.


  • Marginal plants can be planted directly in the gravel. Their roots will spead throughout the gravel, cleaning the pond by using nutrients and growing vigorously.

  • Beneficial bacteria naturally balances the pond.
  • Barley Bales and pellets help to break down string algae.